The abstract you have submited
Particle trapping in the outer magnetosphere and its variation
associated with nonadiabatic effects
Antonova A.E., Kropotkin A.P.,
Existence of a cusp-associated domain in the magnetosphere with
off-equatorial magnetic field minima has long been known.
Experiments aboard INTERBALL, POLAR, and CLUSTER SC opened up new
opportunities for studying particle populations in those
near-magnetopause regions with highly reduced magnetic field.
Adiabaticity violation of energetic particle bounce motion in those
regions, resulting of nonmonotonic change in magnetic field intensity
along field lines, has been examined. The violation takes place at
the separatrix dividing a region of transequatorial bounce
oscillations from that of oscillations about high-latitude field
minima. An invariant "jump" has been evaluated. Diffusion over the
second invariant associated with that jump can result in particle
phase space redistribution during magnetic storms.
Numerical simulations have shown that particle populations in the
Earth's magnetosphere are highly influenced by such a non-dipole
field behavior exhibiting the predicted by V.P. Shabansky drift shell
branching. As a direct consequence of this effect, a doubly-connected
body is made up of particle drift shells in the outer magnetosphere
as distinct from McIlwain's simply-connected one, typical of the
inner magnetosphere. Associated exchange between different particle
populations, particle loss and replenishment as well as experimental
evidence for particle trapping in polar cusp region are discussed.
Particle passage through off-equatorial minimum B traps in its way
round the Earth increases considerably its drift period. This effect
shows probably up in such fine structures as energy dispersion
pattern, associated with substorm injection observed by V.N. Lutsenko
in INTERBALL experiment.